One of the most historically and traditionally rich districts of Bangladesh is Naogaon. It is one of the most archeologically important cities of Bangladesh. Naogaon was built near the ruins of Paharpur, the biggest Buddhist monastery on the southern side of the Himalayan mountains. Its agriculture plays a crucial role for the entire country since this district supplies a significant amount of Bangladesh’s total annual food requirement. Naogaon is also home to some of the most renowned Bengali personalities like Gahananda and Mohammad Baitullah, the first parliamentary speaker of Bangladesh. Naogaon is home to some of the major indigenous tribes of Bangladesh. Due to all these reasons, Naogaon is frequented by academics, travelers, and businessmen.
Due to the frequent visits from scholars and businessmen, Naogaon has strong communications system by road. Due to its being centrally located, no railway or waterway traveling options are available in Naogaon. One can travel to Naogaon by availing the services of most local transport operators like Hanif, SA Paribahan, Greenline, Shohag, Ena etc. Other than that private microbus are also commonly hired to travel to Naogaon.
Accommodation & Food
Naogaon is renowned across all Bangladesh due to its local sweet delicacy called Kacha Golla. Besides that, there are many local sweetmeats that attract the tastes of different visitors. Thanks to the constant influx of visitors there are many good hotels in the region. Some of these are mentioned here:
Naogaon is not very renowned for its natural beauty and flora and fauna. But what it lacks in natural aspects it more than compensates for by its historical, traditional and economic importance. Some of the most attractive and worthwhile places to visit in Naogaon are outlined below with instruction on how to reach those destinations.
Paharpur Buddhist Bihar, also known as Somapura Mahavihara in Sangskrit, is the biggest Buddhist monastery that has been found in this side of the Himalayas. During the Pala period of rule of Bengal, Buddhist religion was rapidly spreading. To further facilitate the spread of Buddhism the five great Mahaviharas were established and the Paharpur Mahivahar was one of them. It was one of the greatest learning centers of its time and was important for the spread of knowledge and religious enlightenment. It is a huge complex that consists of 177 rooms and numerous shrines and putra’s. According to archeological records found in India the Paharpur Buddhist bihar was the largest of the Maharaviras. The superstructure and archeological details of the complex indicates heavy influences from Burma, Java and Cambodia. The site was declared as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO (United Nations Education, Scientific, and Cultural Organization) in 1985. As a result a lot of foreign tourists and academics flock to the location all around the year. The scenic beauty of the local area is very appealing. It is also a favorite picnic spot among local inhabitants.
How to go there?
The Paharpur Buddhist Bihar is situated right in the outskirts of Naogaon. One only has to hire a rickshaw to visit the location from Naogaon town. View more
The Dibar Dighi is one of the most famous lakes in Bangladesh. On its shore lie the archeological remains Kaibvarta Stambha. It is a huge pillar that is situated in the north side of the lake. The history of the pillar dates back to the medieval period in Bengal. It is assumed by scholars that the pillar was constructed during the Pala rule. The timeframe of the pillar’s construction has been traced back to the late 11th century. The village where it is situated is assumed to have been named after the Pala king who ordered the erection of this pillar.
How to go there?
The Dibar Dighi is located in the Dibar village of Patnitala upazilla of Naogaon. There is no direct way to travel to the location. One has to reach the highway near Dibar village by bus or CNG from Naogaon Sadar and from there travel to DIbar village by rickshaw. View more
The Kusumba mosque is the most famous mosque in Naogaon in terms of historical legacy. Built in 1558, the mosque was named Kusumba after the village it was built in. In local dialect it is known a Kala Pahar due to the main structure of the mosque being badly damaged in an earthquake in the 1980s and now resembles the shape of a hill. The word ‘kala’ derives from the black plaster that the outer walls of the mosque are coated with. The structure of the mosque is huge with a large gateway that astounds most first time visitors. The main structure is constructed of both bricks and stones which is noticeable in the interiors. View more
Like Paharpur Buddhist Bihar, Mahisantosh is also another archeologically important site in Naogaon. During the medieval period this was one of the biggest learning and administrative centers in Bengal. Scholars assume that the name Mahisantosh was derived from the name of the ruler of Mahipala. It was a strong fort built prior to the Muslim advent in India and was used until the British period as an active military fortress. The location earned a good reputation as a learning centre two hundred years after its inception during the 13th century. The Muslim sultanate declared the town as a mint town and it remained so until the 15th century. There are a couple of mention-worthy tombs of famous saints and sufis in the complex.
How to go there?
It is located in the Patnitala Upazilla of Naogaon district covering the Mahiganj and Santosh unions. To travel there, a tourist has to avail a bus or CNG to reach Mahiganj or Santosh. From there it is easy to walk around the whole complex. View more